About this Compendium


Project Background
Download the Report and Literature Review
Terms used in this Compendium


Project Background

APEC-funded Project: Compendium of Best Practices on Motorcycle and Scooter Safety [TPT 06/2009A]

This project was undertaken by the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q), Queensland University of Technology, Australia, in close consultation with the Department of Infrastructure and Transport of Australia.

The project aims to provide APEC economies with a compendium which will be a practical manual for implementable and cost-effective safety measures for motorcycle and scooter users and road safety policy makers.

The project's benefits will translate directly into social and economic savings. The project will specifically benefit developing APEC economies as these economies have high dependence on motorcycles and scooters for daily socio-economic activities.

Objective 1: To identify motorcycle and scooter safety issues in APEC economies and any barriers that exist to improving safety.

Objective 2: To raise awareness of options to improve motorcycle and scooter safety in APEC economies by providing a convenient and practical source of reference on best practice motorcycle and scooter safety measures.

Objective 3: To assist APEC economies to include appropriate motorcycle and scooter safety measures in their national road safety strategies and action plans.

This compendium is based on a report to the APEC Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG) which was prepared by Narelle Haworth, Lisa Buckley, Barry Watson and Mark King of the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q) in July 2010.

Download the Report to APEC [PDF, 156KB]

Download the Literature Review [PDF, 304KB]


Terms used in this Compendium:

HIE High Income Economies
LMIE Low or Middle Income Economies


is a two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle. It does not include power-assisted bicycles (PABs) or electric bicycles (EBs).


is a type of motorcycle which is a step-through design and often has automatic transmission.


is a two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle with an engine capacity not exceeding 50cc and a top speed not exceeding 50km/hour. Most (but not all) mopeds are of scooter design.


includes riders (those in the driving position) and passengers, unless specified.

Injured person

is someone admitted to hospital.


includes both riding or driving above the posted speed limit and riding or driving at an inappropriate speed for the conditions.


includes learner permits.

Geographical coverage

is how much of your economy is covered by legislation or program (e.g. all of it, or some states or provinces only)


is travel to and from home to work and return

Work travel

is travel as part of work; for example, travel to deliver goods or travel between work locations e.g. delivering mail or police riding or delivering goods

Last year

refers to the last year for which you have data



© APEC 2011