APEC Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG)

Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q)

Cochrane Intervention Protocol: Motorcycle helmet legislation for preventing injuries in motorcyclists

Cochrane Intervention Review: Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders

iRAP Road Safety Toolkit

US Department of Transportation: National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

World Health Organization: Global status report on road safety


Selected References

(For the full list of references used in compiling this Compendium, please download the Report to APEC [PDF, 156KB] and the Literature Review [PDF, 304KB].)

ATSB (2004). Deaths and serious injuries among female motorcyclists. Monograph 16. Canberra, Australian Government. [PDF, 138KB]

Chang, H.L., & Yeh, T.H. (2007). Motorcyclist accident involvement by age, gender, and risky behaviors in Taipei, Taiwan. Transportation Research Part F, 10, 109-122.

Conrad, P., Bradshaw, Y. S., Lamsudin, R., Kasniyah, N., & Costello, C. (1996). Helmets, injuries and cultural definitions:  Motorcycle injury in urban Indonesia. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 28(2), 193-200.

Hyder, A.A., Waters, H., Phillips, T., & Rehwinkel, J. (2007). Exploring the economics of motorcycle helmet laws - Implications for low and middle-income countries. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 19, 16-22.

Ichikawa, M., Chadbunchachai, W., & Marui, E. (2003). Effect of the helmet act for motorcyclists in Thailand. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, 183-189.

Kanitpong, K., Boontob, N., & Tanaboriboon, Y. (2008). Helmet use and effectiveness in reducing the severity of head injuries in Thailand. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2048, 66-76.

Kardamanidis, K., Martiniuk, A., Ivers, R.Q., Stevenson, M.R., Thistlethwaite K. (2010). Motorcycle rider training for the prevention of road traffic crashes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 10. [PDF, 650KB]

Kasantikul, V., Ouellet, J.V., Smith, T., Siranthranont, J., & Panichabhongse, V. (2005). The role of alcohol in Thailand motorcycle crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37, 357-366.

Keng, S.H. (2005). Helmet use and motorcycle fatalities in Taiwan. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37, 349-355.

Lee, H.Y., Chen, Y.H., Chiu, W.T., Hwang, J.S., & Wang, J.D. (2010). Quality-adjusted life-years and helmet use among motorcyclists sustaining head injuries. American Journal of Public Health, 100(1), 165-170. [PDF, 541KB]

Li, M.D., Doong, J.L., Huang, W.S., Lai, C.H., & Jeng, M.C. (2009). Survival hazards of road environment factors between motor-vehicles and motorcycles. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41, 938-947.

Liu, B., Ivers, R., Norton, R., Blows, S. & Lo, S.K. (2003). Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 4. [PDF, 442KB]

Mayhew, D.R. & Simpson, H.M. (2001). Graduated licensing for motorcyclists. Traffic Injury Research Foundation: Ottawa, Canada. [PDF, 659KB]

Nakahara, S., Chadbunchachai, W., Ichikawa, M., Tipsuntornsak, N., & Wakai, S. (2005). Temporal distribution of motorcyclist injuries and risk of fatalities in relation to age, helmet use, and riding while intoxicated in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37, 833-842.

Reeder, A.I., Chalmers, D.J., & Langley, J.D. (1996). Rider training, reasons for riding, and the social context of riding among young on-road motorcyclists in New Zealand. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 20, 369-374.

Reeder A.I., Alsop, J.C., Langley, J.D., & Wagenaar, A.C. (1999). An evaluation of the general effect of the New Zealand graduated licensing system on motorcycle traffic crash hospitalisations. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 31, 651-661.

Remz, R. (2001). Training medical personnel in techniques for proper motorcycle helmet removal. Washington, DC: Motorcycle Riders Foundation. [PDF, 18KB]

Swaddiwudhipong, W., Boonmak, C., Nguntra, P., & Mahasakpan, P. (1998). Effect of motorcycle rider education on changes in risk behaviours and motorcycle-related injuries in rural Thailand. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 3(10), 767-770.

Tran, N., Hydner, A., Mani K., & Umar, R. (2007). The risk of night time motorcycle crash among motorcyclists using rear end reflectors in Malaysia. Paper presented at the Global Forum for Health Research, China. [PDF, 94KB]

Tsai, Y.J., Wang, J.D., & Huang, W.F. (1995). Case-control study of the effectiveness of different types of helmets for the prevention of head injuries among motorcycle riders in Taipei, Taiwan. American Journal of Epidemiology, 142(9), 974-981.

Umar, R.R.S., Mackay, M.G. & Hills, B.L. (1995). Preliminary analysis of exclusive motorcycle lanes along the Federal Highway F02, Shah Alam, Malaysia. IATSS Research, 19(2), 93-98. [PDF, 538KB]

World Health Organization (WHO, 2006). Helmets: A road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners. Geneva, World Health Organization.

World Health Organization (WHO, 2011). Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability (VIP): Country Profiles. Geneva, World Health Organization.

N.B. the above website references were accessed in August, 2011.


© APEC 2011